Prediction of future rainfall variations due to global warming in the Kyushu Island by large ensemble experiments

Akira Tai, Tatsuya Oku, Akihiro Hashimoto, Hideo Oshikawa, Yuji Sugihara, Nobuhiro Matsunaga, Toshimitsu Komatsu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

Abstract

According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, the intensity and frequency of concentrated torrential rain due to global warming will increase. Since the increase in torrential rain is most likely to have a big influence on human society, high accuracy prediction is necessary. However, in the previous prediction database, there are not enough ensemble number of the predictions for probabilistic evaluation of the uncertainty associated with extreme weather. Therefore, in this study, I used a large scale ensemble climate prediction database d4PDF composed of numerous ensemble experiment data. By analyzing d4PDF, I attempted to verify the probabilistic evaluation of future predictions and the changes of extreme weather which is low-frequency and local-scale events. I used the regional experimental results in d4PDF which covers the entire Japan. I analyzed the data for 2,500 years of past experimental data and the data for 5,400 years of the 4°C rise experiment data and the data for 3,240 years of the 2°C rise experiment data in Kyushu Island. About annual total precipitation, I compared real data with past experimental data and confirmed that the 1 hour precipitation has a bias in the model and the 48 hours precipitation has no model bias. For the probability evaluation of torrential rain in entire Kyushu, I used the general polar of distribution. The conclusion is that the total annual precipitation will increase in entire Kyushu due to the effect of global warming, and both the intensity and frequency of torrential rain will increase. In addition, about the change in torrential rain, there are regional differences in the change of torrential rain - the precipitation is relatively small in the northern Kyushu, but it is large in the southern Kyushu.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event22nd Congress of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research-Asia Pacific Division: Creating Resilience to Water-Related Challenges, IAHR-APD 2020 - Sapporo, Virtual, Japan
Duration: Sep 14 2020Sep 17 2020

Conference

Conference22nd Congress of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research-Asia Pacific Division: Creating Resilience to Water-Related Challenges, IAHR-APD 2020
CountryJapan
CitySapporo, Virtual
Period9/14/209/17/20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Environmental Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of future rainfall variations due to global warming in the Kyushu Island by large ensemble experiments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this