Predictive value of preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen levels for the prognosis of patients with well-differentiated gastric cancer: A mutivariate analysis

Yoshihiko Maehar, Tetsuya Kusumoto, Ikuo Takahashi, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Hideo Baba, Kouhei Akazawa, Keizo Sugimachi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels were determined preoperatively in 221 patients with well-differentiated gastric cancer. The mean preoperative serum CEA level was 15.9 ± 88.5 ng/ml (1.0-1,133.0 ng/ml) for all patients, and the incidence of an elevated CEA (>5 ng/ml) was 11.8% (26/221). The CEA-positive patients had larger tumors, a more prominent serosal invasion, more frequent lymphatic and vascular involvement, less expansive tumor growth and higher rates of lymph node and hepatic metastases than did the CEA-negative patients. Thus, the CEA-positive patients had a more advanced stage of disease, and 61.5% underwent noncurative resection (vs. 11.3% in CEA-negative patients). The survival rate of the CEA-positive patients was lower than that of the CEA-negative ones (p < 0.01). As the multivariate analysis revealed the preoperative CEA level to be an independent prognostic factor for survival, an assay for this antigen prior to surgery is to be recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-237
Number of pages4
JournalOncology (Switzerland)
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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