Background/Aim: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second most common primary liver cancer after hepatocellular carcinoma, and has a poor prognosis. Surgical resection is the only option for a cure of ICC. Here we attempted to define the cure rate after hepatic resection for ICC and to identify the predictors for a cure. Patients and Methods: Among the 96 patients who underwent R0 resections for primary ICC between 1990 and 2011 at the Kumamoto University Hospital and Kyushu University Hospital, those who were followed for ≥5 years after surgery were enrolled. “Cure” was defined as recurrence-free survival (RFS) of ≥5 years after surgery. Results: A total of 81 patients were eligible. A cure was achieved in 37 patients (45.7%). The 5-year overall survival and RFS rates were 55.0% and 41.7%, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the absence of lymph node metastasis (relative risk (RR) 7.5, p=0.011) and the absence of microvascular invasion (RR 5.5, p=0.0137) as the independent predictors of achieving a cure. Conclusion: R0 resections achieved a cure in 45.7% of this series of ICC patients. The predictors of a cure identified here, i.e., absence of lymph node metastasis and absence of microvascular invasion, could contribute to the selection of patients who are not candidates for adjuvant chemotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research