Predictors of dropout by female obese patients treated with a group cognitive behavioral therapy to promote weight loss

Ryoko Sawamoto, Takehiro Nozaki, Tomokazu Furukawa, Tokusei Tanahashi, Chihiro Morita, Tomokazu Hata, Gen Komaki, Nobuyuki Sudo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate predictors of dropout from a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention for overweight or obese women. Methods: 119 overweight and obese Japanese women aged 25-65 years who attended an outpatient weight loss intervention were followed throughout the 7-month weight loss phase. Somatic characteristics, socioeconomic status, obesity-related diseases, diet and exercise habits, and psychological variables (depression, anxiety, self-esteem, alexithymia, parenting style, perfectionism, and eating attitude) were assessed at baseline. Significant variables, extracted by univariate statistical analysis, were then used as independent variables in a stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis with dropout as the dependent variable. Results: 90 participants completed the weight loss phase, giving a dropout rate of 24.4%. The multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that compared to completers the dropouts had significantly stronger body shape concern, tended to not have jobs, perceived their mothers to be less caring, and were more disorganized in temperament. Of all these factors, the best predictor of dropout was shape concern. Conclusion: Shape concern, job condition, parenting care, and organization predicted dropout from the group CBT weight loss intervention for overweight or obese Japanese women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalObesity Facts
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Physiology (medical)

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