Background: Aging is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with cardiac diseases. Whether elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) had increased risks for mortality and rehospitalization compared with younger patients during the long-term follow-up was examined. The predictors of these adverse outcomes were also identified. Methods and Results: The Japanese Cardiac Registry of Heart Failure in Cardiology (JCARE-CARD) studied prospectively the characteristics and treatments in a broad sample of 2,675 patients hospitalized with worsening HF and the outcomes were followed up. The majority of elderly patients were female, had lower body mass index (BMI), a higher rate of ischemic, valvular, and hypertensive heart disease as etiologies of HF, a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), lower hemoglobin, and higher left ventricular ejection fraction values. Even after adjustment for covariates, the elderly patients were associated with higher risks of adverse outcomes. The predictors for all-cause death were: lower eGFR, lower BMI, male sex, sustained ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation (VT/VF), and the use of diuretics at discharge. Conclusions: Among patients hospitalized with HF, elderly patients had a worse prognosis than younger patients. Lower eGFR, lower BMI, male sex, sustained VT/VF, and diuretic use were independent predictors for all-cause death in these patients with higher risk.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine