Preferential CO2 separation over H2 with poly(amidoamine) dendrimer-containing polymeric membrane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Development of effective CO2 separation technologies is one of the most critical issues for implementation of CO2 Capture & Storage (CCS) because CO2 capturing covers about 60 % of the total CCS cost. CO2 capturing with solution absorption technology has gained current acceptance, and the actual operations have been demonstrated in many countries. However, This technology requires certain amount of energy in recovering CO2 from the CO2-capturing solution, which results in developing alternative CO2 capturing technologies. Because difference in partial pressure of the interest gas between feed and permeate side drives the separation, membrane separation does not need additional energy and can make CO2 separation much more effective. In pre-combustion such as an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant, CO2/H2 gas mixture after water-gas shift reaction has a pressure of 2.4 MPa, which would be preferable for membrane separation. Various membranes for CO2 separation over H2 have been investigated, however, the membrane separation has not been implemented due to lack in CO2 selectivity or permeability. In this paper, poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer is used to enhance affinity to CO2 and incorporated in a polymer matrix. The resulting polymeric membrane expressed excellent CO2 separation properties even under pressure. The CO2 permeance is relatively lower than the requirement value and 1.0 × 10-10 m3(STP)/(m2 s Pa). However, the permeance can be enhanced by reducing membrane thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransport Properties in Nanocomposites
EditorsH. Garmestani, H. Ardebili
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages1-6
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781510805231
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Event2013 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, United States
Duration: Dec 1 2013Dec 6 2013

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1660
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2013 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period12/1/1312/6/13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Taniguchi, I., & Fujikawa, S. (2014). Preferential CO2 separation over H2 with poly(amidoamine) dendrimer-containing polymeric membrane. In H. Garmestani, & H. Ardebili (Eds.), Transport Properties in Nanocomposites (pp. 1-6). (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings; Vol. 1660). Materials Research Society. https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2014.347