5′-deoxy-5-fluorouridine (5′-DFUR) and capecitabine are oral anti-cancer agents, which are enzymatically converted to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by thymidine phosphorylase in humans and uridine phosphorylase in mice. Since the activity of these phosphorylases is higher in cancerous tissue than in normal tissue, systemic administration of 5′-DFUR and capecitabine achieves high intratumoral 5-FU levels and low adverse effects on non-tumoral tissue. Accordingly, 5′-DFUR and capecitabine are widely used for the treatment of cancer patients. In the present study, we examined the effects of 5′-DFUR and capecitabine on bone metastases, one of the most common complications of breast cancer, using an animal model in which inoculation of 4T1/luc mouse breast cancer cells into the mammary fat pads of female BALB/c mice developed spontaneous metastases in distant organs including bone, lung and liver. Mice received 4T1/luc cell inoculation in the mammary fat pad at day 0 and oral 5′-DFUR (31, 62, 123 or 246 mg/kg) or capecitabine (90, 180 or 359 mg/kg) daily from day 7 to day 21. Both 5′-DFUR and capecitabine significantly inhibited orthotopic tumor formation and distant metastases to bone, lung and liver in a dose-dependent manner. Of note, the lowest dose of 5′-DFUR (31 mg/kg) and capecitabine (90 mg/kg), which failed to inhibit orthotopic tumor development and the lung and liver metastases, significantly reduced the bone metastases. In conclusion, our results suggest that oral 5′-DFUR and capecitabine are effective for the treatment of primary and secondary breast tumors. Most notably, they also suggest that these agents are preferentially beneficial for bone metastases.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2005|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research