Prenatal deletion of DNA methyltransferase 1 in neural stem cells impairs neurogenesis and causes anxiety-like behavior in adulthood

Hirofumi Noguchi, Ayaka Kimura, Naoya Murao, Masakazu Namihira, Kinichi Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite recent advances in our understanding of epigenetic regulation of central nervous system development, little is known regarding the effects of epigenetic dysregulation on neurogenesis and brain function in adulthood. In the present study, we show that prenatal deletion of DNA methyltransferase 1 (Dnmt1) in neural stem cells results in impaired neurogenesis as well as increases in inflammatory features (e.g., elevated glial fibrillary acidic protein [GFAP] expression in astrocytes and increased numbers of microglia) in the adult mouse brain. Moreover, these mice exhibited anxiety-like behavior during an open-field test. These findings suggest that Dnmt1 plays a critical role in regulating neurogenesis and behavior in the developing brain and into adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1232679
JournalNeurogenesis
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016

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Neural Stem Cells
Neurogenesis
Methyltransferases
Anxiety
Epigenomics
DNA
Brain
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Microglia
Astrocytes
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

Prenatal deletion of DNA methyltransferase 1 in neural stem cells impairs neurogenesis and causes anxiety-like behavior in adulthood. / Noguchi, Hirofumi; Kimura, Ayaka; Murao, Naoya; Namihira, Masakazu; Nakashima, Kinichi.

In: Neurogenesis, Vol. 3, No. 1, e1232679, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

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