Purpose: To determine whether intra-articular lesions changed in short-term follow-up after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) and whether the intra-articular lesion changes impacted the long-term survivorship of PAO. Methods: We reviewed patients with hip dysplasia who underwent PAO with arthroscopic observation between 1990 and 2001. Patients who underwent second-look arthroscopy were included. The correlations between the intra-articular lesion changes and the long-term outcome of PAO were analyzed for patients with >10 years of follow-up. The possible risk factors included demographic factors (age, sex, and body mass index), radiographic factors (Tönnis grade, lateral center-edge angle, Tönnis angle, acetabular head index, crossover sign, posterior wall sign, and joint congruity), and arthroscopic findings (full-thickness lesions at the time of PAO and lesions changes at the time of second-look arthroscopy). Results: A total of 64 patients (72 hips) were studied. Second-look arthroscopy was performed at a median of 1.4 years after PAO. Intra-articular lesions were observed in 93% in the acetabulum, 81% in the femoral head, and 97% in the labrum, respectively. These lesions unchanged in 74% in the acetabulum, 76% in the femoral head, and 79% in the labrum, respectively. Cartilage repair was observed in the acetabulum and the femoral head in 24% and 17% of hips, respectively. Labral repair occurred in 10%. Intra-articular lesion changes were not a predictor of failure. Multivariate analysis identified International Cartilage Repair Society grade 4 lesion in the femoral head as an independent risk factor for failure. Conclusions: Our results suggest that PAO prevents further deterioration in mild cartilage lesions and results in cartilage repair in some cases with advanced cartilage degenerations in the short term. However, these postoperative changes were not associated with long-term survivorship. Thus, appropriate surgical indications based on the preoperative intra-articular cartilage degeneration is paramount to achieving long-term success in PAO. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study.
|Journal||Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2021|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine