Preparation and properties of carbonaceous mesophase-II highly soluble mesophase from ethylene tar modified using aluminum chloride as a catalyst

Isao Mochida, Yoshihisa Sone, Yozo Korai

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Abstract

A carbonaceous anisotropic mesophase, highly soluble in THF and quinoline, was prepared from ethylene tar pitch (ETP) modified using aluminum chloride as a catalyst. A mesophase pitch prepared at 360°C under vigorous nitrogen flow and stirring from ETP modified with 10 wt% of AlCl3 at 250°C for 7 hr exhibited solubility of 80 wt% in quinoline at 90 vol% of anisotropic content, its solubilities in THF and pyridine being as high as 52 and 62 wt%, respectively. Such a high solubility of the mesophase pitch is ascribed to the naphthenic groups of its component molecules which are produced during the modifying reaction catalyzed by AlCl3. The moderate molecular size of modified ETP is another advantage. The anisotropic mesophase of high solubility and low melting temperature is transformable into a flow domain texture by annealing. Easy spinning into highly oriented fibers is expected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-178
Number of pages4
JournalCarbon
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1985

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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