Preparation and steam gasification of Fe-Ion exchanged lignite prepared with iron metal, water, and pressurized CO2

Hyun Seok Kim, Shinji Kudo, Koyo Norinaga, Jun Ichiro Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes an environment-friendly method to load ferrous ion (Fe2+) to lignite with water, iron metal and carbon dioxide (CO2) but without mineral acids or iron salts containing potentially harmful components. Iron metal was dissolved into 25°C water that had been saturated with CO2 at its gaseous pressure of 4.0 MPa. The solubility of ferrous iron was 1 070 mg-Fe/L-water. This solubility was much higher than that predicted from the solubility product (Ksp) of FeCO3 with an assumption that Fe2+ represented the dissolved ferrous iron. Rather, another assumption of coexistence of Fe2+, FeHCO3+, and Fe(HCO3)2 reasonably explained the measured solubility of ferrous iron. The dissolved ferrous iron was loaded to a Victorian lignite by ion exchange. The iron-loaded lignites with different iron concentrations (0.3-6.7 wt %-dry-lignite) were subjected to a sequence of pyrolysis and steam gasification to produce synthesis gas in a thermogravimetric analyzer. The gasification was catalyzed by the loaded iron regardless of its concentration, while the quickest at 1.0 wt % where dispersion of iron-derived catalytic species in the char matrix was maintained until its complete gasification with steam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5623-5631
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 18 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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