Preparation of a Polyclonal Antibody and a Bioassay for Nitroaromatic Compounds by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Technique and a Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor

Takatoshi Sakai, Akira Torimaru, Katsura Shinahara, Norio Miura, Toshihiko Imato, Kiyoshi Toko, Kiyoshi Matsumoto

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sensitive and selective detection of 2,4,6-trinitrophenyl derivatives (TNP derivatives) based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) was performed using polyclonal anti-TNP antibody and N-(TNP)-ovalbumin (TNP-OVA) conjugate. TNP-bovine serum albumin (TNP-BSA) conjugate was injected into the mice, and polyclonal anti-TNP antibody was gained after purification of the sera using protein G. TNP-OVA was immobilized on the Au film of the SPR sensor chip by physical adsorption. The incidence angle shift of the TNP-OVA immobilized sensor increased steeply with increasing concentration of antiTNP antibody up to 20 μg/ml and increased only slightly above this concentration. The additions of TNP derivatives into the anti-TNP antibody solution were found to decrease the incidence angle shift because of the inhibition effects of TNP derivatives. The lowest detection limit for trinitrotoluene (TNT) by SPR was 1×10-7 g/ml, whereas for TNP-6-aminohexanoic acid (TNP-aha) it was 3×10-9 g/ml. Evaluations of affinity constants of anti-TNP antibody were performed. Analyses of SPR data were carried out by assumptions of the Langmuir isotherm and equilibrium state of immunoreaction. The value of association constant between anti-TNP antibody and immobilized TNP-OVA (K 1) was 6.4×106 M-1. The values of association constants between antibody and TNP-aha (K2) were 2.7 and 8.5×106 M-1 when 20 and 10 μg/ml antibody were used, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-452
Number of pages14
JournalSensors and Materials
Volume15
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Materials Science(all)

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