Preparation of an activated carbon artifact: Factors influencing strength when using a thermoplastic polymer as binder

Wenming Qiao, Yozo Korai, Isao Mochida, Yuuichi Hori, Takeshi Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An activated carbon artifact was prepared through mixing, moulding, curing and carbonizing, using polyvinylbutyral resin (PVB) as the binder, dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as a plasticizing agent and isocyanuric acid ester as a cross-linking agent to clarify influential factors on its strength. Preparation conditions such as moulding pressure, temperature and time of curing, carbonization and the amount of cross-linking agent were varied to find their influences on the strength of the resultant form. The form was observed under SEM of wide scope to find correlations between its morphology and strength. The closed packing of the activated carbon filler and the plastic binder was always favorable to develop the strength of the form. The curing extent of PVB, which was influenced by curing atmosphere, temperature and time, and cross-linking agent, was found to govern the strength of the forms. Air or oxygen is very essential for the curing. The optimum temperature was found to be 200°C and longer curing time is beneficial to improve the strength. The cross-linking agent improved the strength of the form up to 7000 kPa through accelerating the cross-linkage of PVB resin. Sufficient curing allows the rapid heating up to 10°C/min for the development of the strength by maintaining the shape of the form. The thermoplastic powders are highly dispersed onto the surface of activated carbons and are cured sufficiently there to adhere the activated carbon grains. Sufficient curing stabilizes the thermoplastic polymer to be thermosetting, anchoring the grains through the carbon bond for higher strength of the carbonized form. PVB resin is cured into heat-resisting cross-linked chains through oxidative condensation onto the activated carbon surface where the oxygen functional groups appear to play important roles in the curing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2355-2368
Number of pages14
JournalCarbon
Volume39
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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