Preparation of boron-rich aluminum boride nanoparticles by RF thermal plasma

Sooseok Choi, Jiro Matsuo, Yingying Cheng, Takayuki Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Boron-rich compounds of AlB12 and AlB10 nanoparticles were synthesized by a radiofrequency thermal plasma. Aluminum and boron raw powders were evaporated in virtue of high enthalpy of the thermal plasma in upstream region, followed by the formation of aluminum boride nanoparticles in the tail region of plasma flame with rapid quenching. A high production rate of aluminum boride was confirmed by the X-ray diffraction measurement in the case of high input power, high boron content in raw material and helium inner gas. Polyhedral nanoparticles of 20.8 nm in mean size were observed by a transmission electron microscope. In the raw powder mixture of aluminum, titanium, and boron, titanium-boride nanoparticles were synthesized preferentially, because the Gibbs free energy for the boridation of titanium is lower than that of aluminum. Since the nucleation temperature of boron is higher than that of aluminum, the condensation of metal monomers onto boron nuclei results in the formation of boron-rich aluminum boride nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1820
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Plasma Gases
Boron
borides
Borides
thermal plasmas
Aluminum
Nanoparticles
Preparation
boron
Plasma
aluminum
Plasmas
nanoparticles
preparation
Titanium
Powder
Powders
titanium borides
titanium
boron compounds

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Preparation of boron-rich aluminum boride nanoparticles by RF thermal plasma. / Choi, Sooseok; Matsuo, Jiro; Cheng, Yingying; Watanabe, Takayuki.

In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 15, No. 8, 1820, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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