Preparation of carbon fibers with excellent mechanical properties from isotropic pitches

Byung Jun Kim, Youngho Eom, Osamu Kato, Jin Miyawaki, Byoung Chul Kim, Isao Mochida, Seong Ho Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel isotropic pitch composed of linear methylene chains of polycondensed aromatic molecules was synthesized from naphtha-cracked oil through bromination and subsequent dehydrobromination (NB). Isotropic pitch-based carbon fiber obtained from the prepared NB yielded an unprecedentedly high tensile strength and elongation at break of 1500 MPa and 3.2%, respectively, following carbonization at only 800 °C for 5 min. The aromatic components of NB were primarily condensed cyclic compounds containing three and four aromatic rings. In contrast, a pitch prepared by simple distillation (ND), was composed of compounds containing three to six aromatic rings, which carried the tensile strength of carbon fiber by only 700 MPa with the similar fiber diameter. Interestingly, TOF-Mass analysis indicated that the molecular weight of the NB was higher than that of the ND. 13C-NMR analyses revealed that the NB pitch contained up to 18.8% aliphatic and naphthenic components compared to the 2.8% found in the ND pitch. Both isotropic pitches exhibited Bingham behavior above their softening temperatures. However, the linear chains of the NB pitch resulted in a higher degree of shear-thinning than was observed with the nonlinear ND pitch. This could result in a greater degree of molecular orientation during spinning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-755
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

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Carbon fibers
Tensile strength
Mechanical properties
Shear thinning
Molecular orientation
Naphthas
Carbonization
Distillation
Elongation
Oils
Molecular weight
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Molecules
Fibers
Temperature
carbon fiber
naphtha

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Preparation of carbon fibers with excellent mechanical properties from isotropic pitches. / Kim, Byung Jun; Eom, Youngho; Kato, Osamu; Miyawaki, Jin; Kim, Byoung Chul; Mochida, Isao; Yoon, Seong Ho.

In: Carbon, Vol. 77, 10.2014, p. 747-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kim, Byung Jun ; Eom, Youngho ; Kato, Osamu ; Miyawaki, Jin ; Kim, Byoung Chul ; Mochida, Isao ; Yoon, Seong Ho. / Preparation of carbon fibers with excellent mechanical properties from isotropic pitches. In: Carbon. 2014 ; Vol. 77. pp. 747-755.
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