Pressure effects on combustion of methanol and methanol/dodecanol single droplets and droplet pairs in microgravity

K. Okai, Osamu Moriue, M. Araki, M. Tsue, M. Kono, J. Sato, D. L. Dietrich, F. A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation on the combustion of single droplets and two-droplet arrays of pure methanol and methanol/dodecanol mixtures in air under microgravity conditions. The initial droplet diameters, d0, were nominally 0.9 mm. The independent experimental variables were the ambient pressure (0.1-9.0 MPa), fuel mixture ratio (methanol/dodecanol: 100/0-15/85), and interdroplet separation distance l (l/d0 = 2.3-8.0). For pure methanol, the results show that the droplet lifetime decreases with increasing interdroplet separation distances at low pressures. At higher pressures (3.0 MPa and above) the droplet lifetime was independent of separation distance. The flame extinguished at a finite droplet size only for pure methanol at 0.1 MPa, in qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions. The extinction droplet diameter was nearly independent of the droplet spacing. Methanol/dodecanol-mixture droplets exhibited microexplosion for both single droplets and droplet arrays. The paper presents maps of the disruption regime for both single droplets and droplet pairs. The difference between the disruptive behavior of single droplets and droplet pairs is explained by differences in liquid-phase circulation induced by the gas-phase asymmetry of the droplet pair. The paper also presents results of the dependence of the onset of disruption (in terms of both volume and time) on the pressure and initial fuel mixture ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)501-512
Number of pages12
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume121
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dodecanol
Pressure effects
Microgravity
pressure effects
microgravity
Methanol
methyl alcohol
life (durability)
flames
liquid phases
extinction
low pressure
spacing
asymmetry
vapor phases
air
predictions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Pressure effects on combustion of methanol and methanol/dodecanol single droplets and droplet pairs in microgravity. / Okai, K.; Moriue, Osamu; Araki, M.; Tsue, M.; Kono, M.; Sato, J.; Dietrich, D. L.; Williams, F. A.

In: Combustion and Flame, Vol. 121, No. 3, 01.01.2000, p. 501-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Okai, K. ; Moriue, Osamu ; Araki, M. ; Tsue, M. ; Kono, M. ; Sato, J. ; Dietrich, D. L. ; Williams, F. A. / Pressure effects on combustion of methanol and methanol/dodecanol single droplets and droplet pairs in microgravity. In: Combustion and Flame. 2000 ; Vol. 121, No. 3. pp. 501-512.
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