Prevalence and Risk Factors for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in a General Japanese Population: The Hisayama Study

Kohta Fujiwara, Miho Yasuda, Jun Hata, Yuji Oshima, Sawako Hashimoto, Takeshi Yoshitomi, Yutaka Kiyohara, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Koh Hei Sonoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a general Japanese population. Methods: This population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2007 with subjects from the Hisayama Study. Of the 3,648 residents in Hisayama, Japan, 2,663 who were ≥ 50 years old were enrolled in this study. The characteristics of PCV were determined by fundus examination or based on indocyanine green and fluorescein angiographic findings. We evaluated the contributions of the risk factors for PCV. Results: Among the 207 participants with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 174 (6.5%) had early AMD, and 33 (1.2%) had late AMD, including 10 participants with PCV (0.4%). Male and smoking habit were significant risk factors for the development of PCV. Conclusions: The prevalence of PCV is higher among Japanese subjects than Caucasians in Western countries. Male gender and smoking habit were significant risk factors for PCV in a general Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Ophthalmology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 18 2018

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Macular Degeneration
Population
Habits
Smoking
Indocyanine Green
Fluorescein
Japan
Cross-Sectional Studies
Macular Degeneration, Age-Related, 10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in a General Japanese Population : The Hisayama Study. / Fujiwara, Kohta; Yasuda, Miho; Hata, Jun; Oshima, Yuji; Hashimoto, Sawako; Yoshitomi, Takeshi; Kiyohara, Yutaka; Ishibashi, Tatsuro; Ninomiya, Toshiharu; Sonoda, Koh Hei.

In: Seminars in Ophthalmology, Vol. 33, No. 6, 18.08.2018, p. 813-819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fujiwara, Kohta ; Yasuda, Miho ; Hata, Jun ; Oshima, Yuji ; Hashimoto, Sawako ; Yoshitomi, Takeshi ; Kiyohara, Yutaka ; Ishibashi, Tatsuro ; Ninomiya, Toshiharu ; Sonoda, Koh Hei. / Prevalence and Risk Factors for Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy in a General Japanese Population : The Hisayama Study. In: Seminars in Ophthalmology. 2018 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 813-819.
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abstract = "Purpose: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a general Japanese population. Methods: This population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2007 with subjects from the Hisayama Study. Of the 3,648 residents in Hisayama, Japan, 2,663 who were ≥ 50 years old were enrolled in this study. The characteristics of PCV were determined by fundus examination or based on indocyanine green and fluorescein angiographic findings. We evaluated the contributions of the risk factors for PCV. Results: Among the 207 participants with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 174 (6.5{\%}) had early AMD, and 33 (1.2{\%}) had late AMD, including 10 participants with PCV (0.4{\%}). Male and smoking habit were significant risk factors for the development of PCV. Conclusions: The prevalence of PCV is higher among Japanese subjects than Caucasians in Western countries. Male gender and smoking habit were significant risk factors for PCV in a general Japanese population.",
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AU - Oshima, Yuji

AU - Hashimoto, Sawako

AU - Yoshitomi, Takeshi

AU - Kiyohara, Yutaka

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AU - Ninomiya, Toshiharu

AU - Sonoda, Koh Hei

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AB - Purpose: To estimate the prevalence and risk factors for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a general Japanese population. Methods: This population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 2007 with subjects from the Hisayama Study. Of the 3,648 residents in Hisayama, Japan, 2,663 who were ≥ 50 years old were enrolled in this study. The characteristics of PCV were determined by fundus examination or based on indocyanine green and fluorescein angiographic findings. We evaluated the contributions of the risk factors for PCV. Results: Among the 207 participants with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 174 (6.5%) had early AMD, and 33 (1.2%) had late AMD, including 10 participants with PCV (0.4%). Male and smoking habit were significant risk factors for the development of PCV. Conclusions: The prevalence of PCV is higher among Japanese subjects than Caucasians in Western countries. Male gender and smoking habit were significant risk factors for PCV in a general Japanese population.

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