Previous aging as a parameter for a liquid phase synthesis of ceramic nanoparticles

Naoya Enomoto, Akihiro Kumagai, Junichi Hojo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


Particular attention has been paid to the "age" of the starting solution for a liquid phase synthesis of ceramic nanoparticles. That is, starting solutions were prepared and kept in a container for several days and then were used to make a precipitation. Metal oxalates (hydrate) were precipitated from ethanolic solutions of oxalic acid and metal nitrate (hydrate). Aging of the starting solutions resulted in a marked delay of the precipitation. Silica spheres were prepared from ethanolic solutions of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and ammonia water. Aging of the starting solutions enhanced the size and monodispersibility of the spheres. We infer that the delay in precipitation is due to microscopic homogenization in the solution structure among ethanol, water, and solute species. That is, even when the prepared starting solutions look clear, transparent, and homogeneous, they may involve less-dispersed aggregates of solute/solvent, which would enhance heterogeneous nucleation to reduce the delay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-394
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Ceramic Processing Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites

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