A periodic structure (the prewavy pattern) found below the onset of electroconvection in a homeotropically aligned nematic liquid crystal is reported. It is characterized by a periodic modulation of the director in the xy-plane, which can be distinguished from electroconvection patterns with modulation in the xz-plane. The prewavy instability is investigated in detail; a phase diagram in the frequency-voltage plane, the voltage dependence of the azimuthal rotation angle, the voltage and frequency dependence of the wavelength of the prewavy pattern, and the director field in the prewavy pattern are provided. This prewavy pattern always evolves into the so-called chevrons above onset of convection. The wavelength of the chevrons and the orientation of their alternating zig and zag rolls depend on the director structure of the prewavy pattern.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals Science and Technology Section A: Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics