The complete amino acid sequences of two trypsin inhibitors BWI-2a and BWI-2b from the seeds of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) were determined. BWI-2b consists of 51 amino acid residues containing two disulfide bonds. BWI-2a shares all amino acids with BWI-2b except for the C-terminal tripeptide: BWI-2a lacks Glu-Gly-Asn and ends with the Asp residue, making a total of 48 residues in the chain. The two disulfide bonds connect Cys11 to Cys32 and Cys15 to Cys28. BWI-2b shows no relatedness to the other buckwheat trypsin inhibitor reported [Belozersky et al. (1995) FEBS Lett. 371, 264-266]. Sequence comparison of BWI-2b with those of the other proteins included in PIR showed that BWI-2b is significantly homologous to the N-terminal region of storage proteins classified in the vicilin family. Furthermore, the allergenic activity of BWI-2b and the other buckwheat trypsin inhibitor BWI-1 was examined using the radioallergosorbent test. The result indicated that both inhibitors BWI-2b and BWI-1 have IgE binding activity, albeit to a low extent, suggesting that they might be minor allergenic proteins in buckwheat seeds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology