The amino acid sequence of 6.5k-arginine/glutamate rich polypeptide (6.5k-AGRP) from the seeds of sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica) has been determined. The 6.5k-AGRP consists of a 47-residue polypeptide chain containing two disulfide bonds, and a molecular mass calculated to be 5695 Da, which fully coincides with a value of [Μ + H] + = m/z 5693.39 obtained by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The mass spectrometric evidence indicated that 6.5k-AGRP is also present partially truncated at the C-terminus. In our preparations, approximately half of the polypeptide molecules have the C-terminal sequence Arg-Arg-Glu-Val-Asp; the other half lack Val-Asp and end with the glutamic acid, making a total of 45 residues in the polypeptide chain. The two disulfide bonds connect Cys12 to Cys33 and Cys16 to Cys29. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of 6.5k-AGRP with those of the other known proteins included in the PIR protein sequence database showed that it is related to the amino acid sequence of the N-terminal region encoded by the first exon of the cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and cotton seeds vicilin genes, sharing a characteristic two Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Xaa-Cys motif.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry