TY - JOUR

T1 - Principal types of BCK-lambda-terms

AU - Hirokawa, Sachio

N1 - Funding Information:
Kyushu University, Fukuoka 810, Japan. *This work was partially supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Encouragement of Young Scientists No. 02740115 of the Ministry of Education.

PY - 1993/1/18

Y1 - 1993/1/18

N2 - BCK-λ-terms are the λ-terms in which each variable occurs at most once. The principal type of a λ-term is the most general type of the term. In this paper we prove that if two BCK-λ-terms in β-normal form have the same principal type then they are identical. This solves the following problem (Y. Komori, 1987) in more general form: if two closed βη-normal form BCK-λ-terms are assigned to the same minimal BCK-formula, are they identical? A minimal BCK-formula is the most general formula among BCK-provable formulas with respect to substitutions for type variables. To analyze type assignment, the notion of "connection" is introduced. A connection is a series of occurrences of a type in a type assignment figure. Connected occurrences of a type have the same meaning. The occurrences of the type in distinct connection classes can be rewritten separately; as a result, we have more general type assignment. By "formulae-as-types" correspondence, the result implies the uniqueness of the normal proof figure for principal BCK-formulas. The result is valid for BCI-logic or implicational fragment of linear logic as well.

AB - BCK-λ-terms are the λ-terms in which each variable occurs at most once. The principal type of a λ-term is the most general type of the term. In this paper we prove that if two BCK-λ-terms in β-normal form have the same principal type then they are identical. This solves the following problem (Y. Komori, 1987) in more general form: if two closed βη-normal form BCK-λ-terms are assigned to the same minimal BCK-formula, are they identical? A minimal BCK-formula is the most general formula among BCK-provable formulas with respect to substitutions for type variables. To analyze type assignment, the notion of "connection" is introduced. A connection is a series of occurrences of a type in a type assignment figure. Connected occurrences of a type have the same meaning. The occurrences of the type in distinct connection classes can be rewritten separately; as a result, we have more general type assignment. By "formulae-as-types" correspondence, the result implies the uniqueness of the normal proof figure for principal BCK-formulas. The result is valid for BCI-logic or implicational fragment of linear logic as well.

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U2 - 10.1016/0304-3975(93)90171-O

DO - 10.1016/0304-3975(93)90171-O

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:38249005852

VL - 107

SP - 253

EP - 276

JO - Theoretical Computer Science

JF - Theoretical Computer Science

SN - 0304-3975

IS - 2

ER -