Objectives:Women with a history of preeclampsia exhibit increased salt sensitivity of blood pressure at postpartum, which might be responsible for their increased risk of future cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unclear whether preeclampsia can cause increased salt sensitivity at postpartum. Vasopressin may play a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia and salt-sensitive hypertension. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether the exposure to preeclampsia, as elicited by placental ischemia, causes increased salt sensitivity at postpartum, and if so, whether vasopressin is involved in its process.Methods and results:We used a reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) rat model of preeclampsia. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were categorized into the following two groups: RUPP-operated and sham-operated (SHAM) control groups. A 1-week-long high-salt diet was initiated at 3 weeks postpartum. The high-salt diet-induced increase in mean arterial pressure was significantly greater in the RUPP group than in the SHAM group. In addition, the plasma levels of copeptin, a substitute for plasma vasopressin, increased and serum osmolality decreased in the RUPP group. Double immunostaining revealed that the expression of c-Fos, a marker of neural activity, in vasopressin-producing neurons and presympathetic neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus was significantly elevated in the RUPP group. The oral administration of conivaptan, the dual V1a/V2 vasopressin receptor antagonist, during high-salt diet abolished the enhanced increase in mean arterial pressure in RUPP rats.Conclusion:Prior exposure to placental ischemia causes increased salt sensitivity of blood pressure at postpartum probably due to enhanced vasopressin production and secretion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine