Process and mechanism of hydrogen-induced amorphization in C15 Laves phase RFe2

kiyoshi aoki, Haiwen Li, Kazuhiro Ishikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The pressure dependence of structural changes in C15 Laves phase DyFe2 was investigated using a pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC) at 0.1–5.0 MPa H2 and compared with that of ErFe2 and CeFe2. By thermal analysis of DyFe2, four exothermic peaks of hydrogen absorption, hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA), the precipitation of BiF3-type DyH3 and the decomposition of the amorphous hydride were observed above 0.5 MPa H2, although tri-hydride DyH3 takes usually the HoH3-type structure. HIA overlapped with the precipitation of DyH3 at 0.2 MPa H2, but c-DyFe2Hx decomposed directly into
α
-Fe and DyH3at 0.1 MPa H2. Hydrogen absorption, HIA, and the decomposition of a-DyFe2Hx showed a negative pressure dependence, but the precipitation of DyH3 showed a positive one. As a result of such dependence, HIA does not occur at lower hydrogen pressure. The structural changes of ErFe2were similar to that of DyFe2. On the other hand, hydrogen absorption and HIA occurred simultaneously for every hydrogen pressure in CeFe2. The mechanism of HIA in the C15 Laves phases RFe2 was discussed on the basis of the experimental results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-564
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume404-406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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Amorphization
Hydrogen
Hydrides
Decomposition
Calorimeters
Thermoanalysis
Scanning

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Process and mechanism of hydrogen-induced amorphization in C15 Laves phase RFe2. / aoki, kiyoshi; Li, Haiwen; Ishikawa, Kazuhiro.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 404-406, 2005, p. 559-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Process and mechanism of hydrogen-induced amorphization in C15 Laves phase RFe2",
abstract = "The pressure dependence of structural changes in C15 Laves phase DyFe2 was investigated using a pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC) at 0.1–5.0 MPa H2 and compared with that of ErFe2 and CeFe2. By thermal analysis of DyFe2, four exothermic peaks of hydrogen absorption, hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA), the precipitation of BiF3-type DyH3 and the decomposition of the amorphous hydride were observed above 0.5 MPa H2, although tri-hydride DyH3 takes usually the HoH3-type structure. HIA overlapped with the precipitation of DyH3 at 0.2 MPa H2, but c-DyFe2Hx decomposed directly into α-Fe and DyH3at 0.1 MPa H2. Hydrogen absorption, HIA, and the decomposition of a-DyFe2Hx showed a negative pressure dependence, but the precipitation of DyH3 showed a positive one. As a result of such dependence, HIA does not occur at lower hydrogen pressure. The structural changes of ErFe2were similar to that of DyFe2. On the other hand, hydrogen absorption and HIA occurred simultaneously for every hydrogen pressure in CeFe2. The mechanism of HIA in the C15 Laves phases RFe2 was discussed on the basis of the experimental results.",
author = "kiyoshi aoki and Haiwen Li and Kazuhiro Ishikawa",
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T1 - Process and mechanism of hydrogen-induced amorphization in C15 Laves phase RFe2

AU - aoki, kiyoshi

AU - Li, Haiwen

AU - Ishikawa, Kazuhiro

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - The pressure dependence of structural changes in C15 Laves phase DyFe2 was investigated using a pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC) at 0.1–5.0 MPa H2 and compared with that of ErFe2 and CeFe2. By thermal analysis of DyFe2, four exothermic peaks of hydrogen absorption, hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA), the precipitation of BiF3-type DyH3 and the decomposition of the amorphous hydride were observed above 0.5 MPa H2, although tri-hydride DyH3 takes usually the HoH3-type structure. HIA overlapped with the precipitation of DyH3 at 0.2 MPa H2, but c-DyFe2Hx decomposed directly into α-Fe and DyH3at 0.1 MPa H2. Hydrogen absorption, HIA, and the decomposition of a-DyFe2Hx showed a negative pressure dependence, but the precipitation of DyH3 showed a positive one. As a result of such dependence, HIA does not occur at lower hydrogen pressure. The structural changes of ErFe2were similar to that of DyFe2. On the other hand, hydrogen absorption and HIA occurred simultaneously for every hydrogen pressure in CeFe2. The mechanism of HIA in the C15 Laves phases RFe2 was discussed on the basis of the experimental results.

AB - The pressure dependence of structural changes in C15 Laves phase DyFe2 was investigated using a pressure differential scanning calorimeter (PDSC) at 0.1–5.0 MPa H2 and compared with that of ErFe2 and CeFe2. By thermal analysis of DyFe2, four exothermic peaks of hydrogen absorption, hydrogen-induced amorphization (HIA), the precipitation of BiF3-type DyH3 and the decomposition of the amorphous hydride were observed above 0.5 MPa H2, although tri-hydride DyH3 takes usually the HoH3-type structure. HIA overlapped with the precipitation of DyH3 at 0.2 MPa H2, but c-DyFe2Hx decomposed directly into α-Fe and DyH3at 0.1 MPa H2. Hydrogen absorption, HIA, and the decomposition of a-DyFe2Hx showed a negative pressure dependence, but the precipitation of DyH3 showed a positive one. As a result of such dependence, HIA does not occur at lower hydrogen pressure. The structural changes of ErFe2were similar to that of DyFe2. On the other hand, hydrogen absorption and HIA occurred simultaneously for every hydrogen pressure in CeFe2. The mechanism of HIA in the C15 Laves phases RFe2 was discussed on the basis of the experimental results.

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DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2005.01.121

M3 - Article

VL - 404-406

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EP - 564

JO - Journal of Alloys and Compounds

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SN - 0925-8388

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