Limited power budgets will be one of the biggest challenges for deploying future exascale supercomputers. One of the promising ways to deal with this challenge is hardware overprovisioning, that is, installingmore hardware resources than can be fully powered under a given power limit coupled with software mechanisms to steer the limited power to where it is needed most. Prior research has demonstrated the viability of this approach, but could only rely on small-scale simulations of the software stack. While such research is useful to understand the boundaries of performance benefits that can be achieved, it does not cover any deployment or operational concerns of using overprovisioning on production systems. This paper is the first to present an extensible power-aware resource management framework for production-sized overprovisioned systems based on the widely established SLURM resource manager. Our framework provides flexible plugin interfaces and APIs for power management that can be easily extended to implement site-specific strategies and for comparison of different power management techniques. We demonstrate our framework on a 965-node HA8000 production system at Kyushu University. Our results indicate that it is indeed possible to safely overprovision hardware in production. We also find that the power consumption of idle nodes, which depends on the degree of overprovisioning, can become a bottleneck. Using real-world data, we then draw conclusions about the impact of the total number of nodes provided in an overprovisioned environment.