Prognostic Impact of Immune-Related Gene Expression in Preoperative Peripheral Blood from Gastric Cancer Patients

Shuhei Ito, Takeo Fukagawa, Miwa Noda, Qingjiang Hu, Sho Nambara, Dai Shimizu, Yosuke Kuroda, Hidetoshi Eguchi, Takaaki Masuda, Tetsuya Sato, Hitoshi Katai, Mitsuru Sasako, Koshi Mimori

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anti-PD-1 therapy has shown a promising clinical outcome in gastric cancer (GC). We evaluated the clinical significance of systemic immune-related gene expression in GC patients who underwent surgery. Methods: The correlation between the preoperative PD-1, PD-L1, and CD8 mRNA levels in peripheral blood (PB) and clinicopathological factors, including survival, in 372 GC patients was evaluated using quantitative RT-PCR. PD-1- and PD-L1-expressing cells were identified by flow cytometric analysis. Results: The PD-1, PD-L1, and CD8 mRNA levels in GC patients were significantly higher than those in normal controls, respectively (all P < 0.0001). The levels of each gene were positively correlated with those of the other two genes (all P < 0.0001). GC patients with low PD-1, high PD-L1, and low CD8 mRNA levels had significantly poorer overall survival (OS) than those with high PD-1, low PD-L1, and high CD8 mRNA levels, respectively (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, and P < 0.05, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that low PD-1 and high PD-L1 mRNA levels were independent poor prognostic factors for OS (PD-1: HR 2.38, 95% CI 1.27–4.78, P < 0.01; PD-L1: HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.15–2.78, P < 0.05). PD-1 and PD-L1 expression occurred on T cells (> 90%) and T cells or monocytes (> 70%), respectively. Conclusions: The PD-1, PD-L1, and CD8 mRNA levels in preoperative PB reflected the anti-tumour immune response, and the low PD-1 and high PD-L1 mRNA levels in PB were independent poor prognostic markers in GC patients who underwent surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3755-3763
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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    Ito, S., Fukagawa, T., Noda, M., Hu, Q., Nambara, S., Shimizu, D., Kuroda, Y., Eguchi, H., Masuda, T., Sato, T., Katai, H., Sasako, M., & Mimori, K. (2018). Prognostic Impact of Immune-Related Gene Expression in Preoperative Peripheral Blood from Gastric Cancer Patients. Annals of Surgical Oncology, 25(12), 3755-3763. https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-018-6739-4