Prognostic impact of PDGFRA gain/amplification and MGMT promoter methylation status in patients with IDH wild-type glioblastoma

Nayuta Higa, Toshiaki Akahane, Seiya Yokoyama, Hajime Yonezawa, Hiroyuki Uchida, Tomoko Takajo, Ryosuke Otsuji, Taiji Hamada, Kei Matsuo, Mari Kirishima, Nobuhiro Hata, Ryosuke Hanaya, Akihide Tanimoto, Koji Yoshimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) is the second most frequently mutated tyrosine kinase receptor in glioblastoma (GBM). However, the prognostic impact of PDGFRA amplification on GBM patients remains unclear. Herein, we evaluated this impact by retrospectively analyzing outcomes of patients with IDH wild-type GBM. Methods: Using a custom-made oncopanel, we evaluated PDGFRA gain/amplification in 107 GBM samples harboring wild-type IDH, along with MGMT promoter (MGMTp) methylation status. Results: We detected PDGFRA gain/amplification in 31 samples (29.0%). PDGFRA gain/amplification predicted poor prognosis (P =. 003). Compared to unamplified PDGFRA, PDGFRA gain/amplification in GBM was associated with higher patient age (P =. 031), higher Ki-67 score (P =. 019), and lower extent of surgical resection (P =. 033). Unmethylated MGMTp also predicted poor prognosis (P =. 005). As PDGFRA gain/amplification and unmethylated MGMTp were independent factors for poor prognosis in multivariate analyses, we grouped GBM cases based on PDGFRA and MGMTp status: poor (PDGFRA gain/amplification and unmethylated MGMTp), intermediate (PDGFRA gain/amplification or unmethylated MGMTp), and good (PDGFRA intact and methylated MGMTp) prognosis. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that these groups significantly correlated with the OS of GBM patients (P <. 001). Conclusions: Here we report that PDGFRA gain/amplification is a predictor of poor prognosis in IDH wild-type GBM. Combining PDGFRA gain/amplification with MGMTp methylation status improves individual prognosis prediction in patients with IDH wild-type GBM.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbervdac097
JournalNeuro-Oncology Advances
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Surgery


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