Prognostic value of postoperative decrease in serum albumin on surgically resected earlystage non-small cell lung carcinoma: A multicenter retrospective study

Fumihiko Kinoshita, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Takanori Yamashita, Tomoyoshi Takenaka, Taichi Matsubara, Gouji Toyokawa, Kazuki Takada, Taro Oba, Atsushi Osoegawa, Koji Yamazaki, Mitsuhiro Takenoyama, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Naoki Nakashima, Masaki Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Preoperative nutritional status is an important host-related prognostic factor for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC); however, the significance of postoperative changes in nutritional status remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the significance of postoperative decreases in serum albumin (ΔAlb) on the outcomes of early-stage NSCLC. Methods We analyzed 443 training cohort (TC) and 642 validation cohort (VC) patients with pStage IA NSCLC who underwent surgery and did not recur within 1 year. We measured preoperative serum albumin levels (preAlb) and postoperative levels 1 year after surgery (postAlb), and calculated ΔAlb as (preAlb - postAlb)/preAlb × 100%. A cutoff value of 11% for ΔAlb was defined on the basis of the receiver operating characteristic curve for the TC. Results Patients were divided into ΔAlb-Decreased and ΔAlb-Stable groups, including 100 (22.6%) and 343 (77.4%) in the TC, and 58 (9.0%) and 584 (90.1%) in the VC. ΔAlb-Decreased was associated with male sex (p = 0.0490), smoking (p = 0.0156), and non-adenocarcinoma (p<0.0001) in the TC, and pT1b (p = 0.0169) and non-adenocarcinoma (p = 0.0251) in the VC. Multivariable analysis identified ΔAlb as an independent prognostic factor for diseasefree survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in both cohorts (VC: DFS, HR = 1.9, 95%CI: 1.10-3.15, p = 0.0197; OS, HR = 2.0, 95%CI: 1.13-3.45, p = 0.0173). Moreover, subgroup analysis demonstrated that the prognostic value of ΔAlb was consistent for age, sex, smoking history, surgical procedure, and histological type. Conclusion We demonstrated a negative impact of postoperative decrease of the serum albumin on the prognosis of patients with early-stage NSCLC. Postoperative changes in nutritional status might be important in NSCLC outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0256894
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number9 September
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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