Prolactin-releasing peptide is a potent mediator of stress responses in the brain through the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus

T. Mera, H. Fujihara, M. Kawasaki, H. Hashimoto, T. Saito, M. Shibata, J. Saito, T. Oka, S. Tsuji, T. Onaka, Y. Ueta

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of i.c.v. administration of prolactin-releasing peptide on neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of rats and plasma corticosterone levels were examined by measuring changes in Fos-like immunoreactivity, c-fos mRNA using in situ hybridization histochemistry, and plasma corticosterone using a specific radioimmunoassay. Approximately 80% of corticotropin-releasing hormone immunoreactive cells exhibited Fos-like immunoreactivity in the parvocellular division of the paraventricular nucleus 90 min after i.c.v. administration of prolactin-releasing peptide. The greatest induction of the c-fos mRNA expression in the paraventricular nucleus was observed 30 min after administration of prolactin-releasing peptide, and occurred in a dose-related manner. Plasma corticosterone levels were also significantly increased 30 min after administration of prolactin-releasing peptide. Next, the effects of restraint stress, nociceptive stimulus and acute inflammatory stress on the expression of the prolactin-releasing peptide mRNA in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus, nucleus of the solitary tract and ventrolateral medulla were examined using in situ hybridization histochemistry for prolactin-releasing peptide mRNA. Restraint stress and acute inflammatory stress upregulated the prolactin-releasing peptide mRNA expression in the nucleus of the solitary tract and ventrolateral medulla. Nociceptive stimulus upregulated the prolactin-releasing peptide mRNA expression in the ventrolateral medulla. Finally, we observed that pretreatment (i.c.v. administration) with an anti-prolactin-releasing peptide antibody significantly attenuated nociceptive stimulus-induced c-fos mRNA expression in the paraventricular nucleus. These results suggest that prolactin-releasing peptide is a potent and important mediator of the stress response in the brain through the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1086
Number of pages18
JournalNeuroscience
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 21 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

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