Promoting access to intellectual property: Patent pools, copyright collectives, and clearinghouses

Reiko Aoki, Aaron Schiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews and compares patent pools, intellectual property (IP) clearinghouses, and copyright collectives as systems for promoting efficient access to licensable IP in a 'market for technology'. These systems promote downstream use of innovations by economizing on search and transaction costs in licensing, as well as potentially mitigating the conditions that lead to the 'tragedy of the anti-commons' and other coordination problems in multilateral licensing. We compare and classify different systems in terms of their features, review some existing systems, and discuss their economic characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-204
Number of pages16
JournalR and D Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2008


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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