Propagating property of surface waves and viscoelasticity near the gelation point

Hirotaka Okabe, Keiichi Kuboyama, Kazuhiro Hara, Shoich Kai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the properties of surface waves during the gelation process of tungstic acid gel and gelatin. The experimental results agreed qualitatively with the known theoretical results of the viscoelastic model in an equilibrium system except in the vicinity of the gelation point. Near the sol-gel transition point of tungstic acid gel, we found interesting features in the time variation of the velocities, namely, the velocities of surface waves had a maximum near the gelation point, decreased once rapidly, and again increased gradually as the gelation proceeded. On the other hand, the velocity of gelatin just decreased slightly near the gelation point. The reason for the velocity increase before the gelation point is possibly caused by the increase of the effective surface tension coupled with the elasticity of the networks. However, further investigation is necessary to clarify the mechanism of this particular property of tungstic acid gel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2815-2817
Number of pages3
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume37
Issue number5 SUPPL. B
Publication statusPublished - May 1 1998

Fingerprint

viscoelasticity
Viscoelasticity
gelation
Gelation
Surface waves
surface waves
gels
Gels
gelatins
acids
Acids
transition points
Sol-gels
Surface tension
Elasticity
interfacial tension
elastic properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Propagating property of surface waves and viscoelasticity near the gelation point. / Okabe, Hirotaka; Kuboyama, Keiichi; Hara, Kazuhiro; Kai, Shoich.

In: Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers, Vol. 37, No. 5 SUPPL. B, 01.05.1998, p. 2815-2817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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