The setting time of a calcium phosphate cement consisting of tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) was reduced from 30 to 5 min by use of a cement liquid that contained a phosphate concentration of 0.25 mol/l or higher. The diametral tensile strength and conversion of the cement ingredients to hydroxyapatite (OHAp) during the first 3 h were also significantly increased by the phosphate. However, the phosphate produced no significant effects on the properties of the 24-h cement samples. Results from additional experiments in a slurry system verified that the high phosphate concentration in the solution accelerated the formation of OHAp in the TTCP + DCPA system, and this reaction could explain the fast-setting properties of the cements.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1995|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering