The present study aimed to clarify the role of the arachidonic acid cascade in mediating the expression of withdrawal signs in cannabinoid-dependent mice. Mice were injected with Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) at 20 mg/kg (i.p.) every 12 h, 11 times. When SR141716A, a specific cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist, at 10 mg/kg (i.p.) was given 4 h after the last THC injection, withdrawal signs such as forepaw licking, facial preening, grooming, forepaw tremor, head shakes and weight loss were clearly observed. PGE2 at 0.1, 1.0 and 3.2 μg (per animal; i.c.v.) given prior to SR141716A (10 mg/kg, i.p.) dose-dependently decreased the number of forepaw licking, facial preening, grooming and forepaw tremor episodes. Instead of SR141716A, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor diclofenac at 10 mg/kg (i.p.) also precipitated these withdrawal signs. The results suggest that the expression of THC withdrawal is due to a decrease in prostaglandin levels through inactivation of the arachidonic acid cascade in the brain.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology