The prostaglandin (PG) receptors EP4 and FP have the potential to exert negative effects on adipogenesis, but the exact contribution of endogenous PG-driven receptor signaling to this process is not fully understood. In this study, we employed an adipocyte differentiation system from mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) and compared the effects of each PG receptor-deficiency on adipocyte differentiation. In wild-type (WT) MEF cells, inhibition of endogenous PG synthesis by indomethacin augmented the differentiation, whereas exogenous PGE2, as well as an FP agonist, reversed the effect of indomethacin. In EP4-deficient cells, basal differentiation was upregulated to the levels in indomethacin-treated WT cells, and indomethacin did not further enhance differentiation. Differentiation in FP-deficient cells was equivalent to WT and was still sensitive to indomethacin. PGE2 or indomethacin treatment of WT MEF cells for the first two days was enough to suppress or enhance transcription of the Pparg2 gene as well as the subsequent differentiation, respectively. Differentiation stimuli induced COX-2 gene and protein expression, as well as PGE2 production, in WT MEF cells. These results suggest that PGE2-EP4 signaling suppresses adipocyte differentiation by affecting Pparg2 expression in an autocrine manner and that FP-mediated inhibition is not directly involved in adipocyte differentiation in the MEF system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology