In primary adipocytes, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and -3 are expressed in a comparable amount and play distinct roles in insulin signaling. To examine the roles of these IRS in apoptosis inhibition, we evaluated staurosporine-induced apoptosis in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells overexpressing human insulin receptor and IRS-1 or IRS-3. Overexpression of both IRS protected CHO cells from staurosporine-induced apoptosis. Overexpressed IRS-3 as well as IRS-1 enhanced phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase activity in response to insulin and increased phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB) at S473 and phosphorylation of one of the members of the forkhead transcription factor FKHRL1 on T32 in both insulin-untreated and -treated states. Treatment of these cells with a PI 3-kinase inhibitor LY294002 suppressed apoptosis-inhibitory effects of IRS-1 and IRS-3 as well as the phosphorylation of PKB and FKHRL1. These results indicate that both IRS-1 and IRS-3 take part in apoptosis inhibition through the PI 3-kinase/PKB/forkhead cascade.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 10 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology