Orofacial clefts (OFCs) are among the most common congenital craniofacial malformations, including cleft lip with or without cleft palate as the core symptoms. Developmental or functional defects in neural crest cells (NCCs) that contribute to craniofacial morphogenesis are involved in OFC development. Previous studies have suggested that oxidative stress in NCCs is involved in the development of OFCs, suggesting that the anti-oxidative activity of folic acid (FA) could have protective effects. However, studies of human-derived NCCs are limited, as these cells are predominantly active during the embryonic stage. In this study, the effects of oxidative stress and FA were evaluated in human OFCs. In particular, NCC-derived stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) were obtained from 3 children with non-syndromic cleft lip with cleft palate (CLPs) and from 3 healthy children (CTRLs). Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were significantly higher in CLPs than in CTRLs and were associated with lower mRNA expression levels of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) and decreased cell mobility. In addition, significantly greater vulnerability to pyocyanin-induced ROS, mimicking exogenous ROS, was observed in CLPs than in CTRLs. These vulnerabilities to endogenous and exogenous ROS in CLPs were significantly improved by FA. These results indicated that the transcriptional dysregulation of SOD1 in NCCs is an oxidative stress-related pathological factor in OFCs, providing novel evidence for the benefits of perinatal anti-oxidant supplementation, including FA, for the management of these common deformities.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 13 2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology