Protective roles of MITOL against myocardial senescence and ischemic injury partly via Drp1 regulation

Takeshi Tokuyama, Hideki Uosaki, Ayumu Sugiura, Gen Nishitai, Keisuke Takeda, Shun Nagashima, Isshin Shiiba, Naoki Ito, Taku Amo, Satoshi Mohri, Akiyuki Nishimura, Motohiro Nishida, Ayumu Konno, Hirokazu Hirai, Satoshi Ishido, Takahiro Yoshizawa, Takayuki Shindo, Shingo Takada, Shintaro Kinugawa, Ryoko InatomeShigeru Yanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abnormal mitochondrial fragmentation by dynamin-related protein1 (Drp1) is associated with the progression of aging-associated heart diseases, including heart failure and myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we report a protective role of outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM)-localized E3 ubiquitin ligase MITOL/MARCH5 against cardiac senescence and MI, partly through Drp1 clearance by OMM-associated degradation (OMMAD). Persistent Drp1 accumulation in cardiomyocyte-specific MITOL conditional-knockout mice induced mitochondrial fragmentation and dysfunction, including reduced ATP production and increased ROS generation, ultimately leading to myocardial senescence and chronic heart failure. Furthermore, ischemic stress-induced acute downregulation of MITOL, which permitted mitochondrial accumulation of Drp1, resulted in mitochondrial fragmentation. Adeno-associated virus-mediated delivery of the MITOL gene to cardiomyocytes ameliorated cardiac dysfunction induced by MI. Our findings suggest that OMMAD activation by MITOL can be a therapeutic target for aging-associated heart diseases, including heart failure and MI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104582
JournaliScience
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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