Protein heteroconjugation by the peroxidase-catalyzed tyrosine coupling reaction

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Abstract

Combining different proteins can integrate the functions of each protein to produce novel protein conjugates with wider ranges of applications. We have previously introduced a peptide containing tyrosine residues (Y-tag) at the C-terminus of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase (BAP). The tyrosine residues in the Y-tag were efficiently recognized by horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and were site-specifically cross-linked with each other to yield BAP homoconjugates. In this study, the HRP-catalyzed tyrosine coupling reaction was used for protein heteroconjugation. Streptavidin (SA) was selected as the conjugation partner for BAP. The Y-tag (GGGGY) was genetically introduced to the C-terminus of SA. Prior to heteroconjugation, the reactivity of the Y-tagged SA was examined. The Y-tagged SA cross-linked to form an SA homoconjugate upon HRP treatment, whereas wild-type SA remained essentially intact. In the heteroconjugation reaction of BAP and SA, the Y-tagged BAP and SA were efficiently cross-linked with each other upon HRP treatment. The functions of the BAP-SA conjugates were evaluated by measuring the BAP enzymatic activity on a biotin-coated plate. The BAP-SA conjugate tethered to the plate showed BAP enzymatic activity, indicating that both BAP and SA retained their functions following heteroconjugation. The BAP-SA conjugate prepared from both Y-tagged BAP and SA showed the highest enzymatic activity on the biotin-coated plates. This result illustrates the advantage of the protein conjugation reaction in which multiple numbers of proteins can be conjugated at the same time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2332-2338
Number of pages7
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology

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