Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipid that is released from activated platelets and affects contractile properties of airway smooth muscle cells. However, possible roles of LPA on cell migration, one of the initial events of airway remodeling, are not clarified. This study aimed to examine the effects of LPA on migration and actin fiber formation in bovine tracheal smooth muscle cells (BTSMCs). Random and oriented cell migrations were examined with wound assay and Boyden chamber assay, respectively. Cytosolic actin fibers were stained with rhodaminephalloidin. Membrane translocation of RhoA, a hallmark of RhoA activation, was assessed by Western blotting. LPA augmented the migration of BTSMCs from wounded confluent monolayer but did not accelerate the chemotactic migration toward LPA. LPA also induced a transient actin reorganization and RhoA activation. Dense actin fibers were observed mainly in the wound edge but not in migrated cells, thereby suggesting the role of actin reorganization in the initiation of cell migration. LPA-induced actin fiber formation was blocked by Y27632 [R-(+)-trans-N-(4-pyridyl)-4-(1- aminoethyl)-cyclohexane carboxamide], an inhibitor of Rho kinase. Effects of LPA on migration and actin fiber formation were also inhibited by cAMP-elevating agents, i.e., dibutyryl cAMP, forskolin, isoproterenol, and theophylline. KT5720 (9S,10S,12R)-2,3,9,10,11,12-hexahydro-10-hydroxy-9-methyl-1-oxo-9,12-epoxy-1H- diindolo[1,2,3-fg:3′,2′,1′-kl]pyrrolo[3,4-i][1,6] benzodiazocine-10-carboxylic acid hexyl ester], a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, reversed the inhibitory actins of cAMP on LPA-induced responses. These results indicate that LPA induces cAMP/PKA sensitive, RhoA-mediated random migration of BTSMCs. Regulation of this mechanism would be beneficial for the control of airway remodeling.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine