Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout

A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh

Nuren Abedin, Jecinta Kamau, Hironobu Kitaoka, Hiroshi Okajima, Masaharu Okada, Akira Fukuda, Ashir Uddin Ahmed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We carried out an experiment to observe the role of transportation for adolescent female students in rural Bangladesh. A senior high school (in Bangladesh, they call it a college) student spends 180-230 minutes to travel only 22km (11 km, single trip) on an average to commute from home to college. Local transport (Tomtom) stops are not always close to their home. The walk 4km to get to the nearest Tomtom stop. The Tomtom does not have a regular timetable. In worst case, the students wait 30 minutes until the Tomtom driver finds sufficient number of passengers. This 11km distance is Female students find it uncomfortable to share congested space with male passengers. They cannot raise their voice when they face sexual harassment inside the car or when they walk. The parents of the female students find it safer to stop their education and arrange a marriage. We proposed a regular college bus service with an adaptive time schedule that follows the routine of the students. In order to make the service sustainable, we designed a model of multi service vehicle named SSW, so that it can earn extra income during its idle time. We concluded that the operational cost can be covered through the SSW model. We identified new requirements for multiservice vehicle to satisfy the needs of a rural community.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4130-4134
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509018970
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 6 2017
Event2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Oct 9 2016Oct 12 2016

Publication series

Name2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings

Other

Other2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016
CountryHungary
CityBudapest
Period10/9/1610/12/16

Fingerprint

Drop out
Students
Walk
Commute
Driver
Schedule
Sufficient
Requirements
Costs
Model
Experiment
Railroad cars
Education
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Control and Optimization
  • Human-Computer Interaction

Cite this

Abedin, N., Kamau, J., Kitaoka, H., Okajima, H., Okada, M., Fukuda, A., & Ahmed, A. U. (2017). Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout: A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings (pp. 4130-4134). [7844879] (2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879

Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout : A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh. / Abedin, Nuren; Kamau, Jecinta; Kitaoka, Hironobu; Okajima, Hiroshi; Okada, Masaharu; Fukuda, Akira; Ahmed, Ashir Uddin.

2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. p. 4130-4134 7844879 (2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abedin, N, Kamau, J, Kitaoka, H, Okajima, H, Okada, M, Fukuda, A & Ahmed, AU 2017, Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout: A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh. in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings., 7844879, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 4130-4134, 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016, Budapest, Hungary, 10/9/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879
Abedin N, Kamau J, Kitaoka H, Okajima H, Okada M, Fukuda A et al. Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout: A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2017. p. 4130-4134. 7844879. (2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879
Abedin, Nuren ; Kamau, Jecinta ; Kitaoka, Hironobu ; Okajima, Hiroshi ; Okada, Masaharu ; Fukuda, Akira ; Ahmed, Ashir Uddin. / Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout : A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2017. pp. 4130-4134 (2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings).
@inproceedings{5913d10db2024b3db7b7c2b82bde4a26,
title = "Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout: A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh",
abstract = "We carried out an experiment to observe the role of transportation for adolescent female students in rural Bangladesh. A senior high school (in Bangladesh, they call it a college) student spends 180-230 minutes to travel only 22km (11 km, single trip) on an average to commute from home to college. Local transport (Tomtom) stops are not always close to their home. The walk 4km to get to the nearest Tomtom stop. The Tomtom does not have a regular timetable. In worst case, the students wait 30 minutes until the Tomtom driver finds sufficient number of passengers. This 11km distance is Female students find it uncomfortable to share congested space with male passengers. They cannot raise their voice when they face sexual harassment inside the car or when they walk. The parents of the female students find it safer to stop their education and arrange a marriage. We proposed a regular college bus service with an adaptive time schedule that follows the routine of the students. In order to make the service sustainable, we designed a model of multi service vehicle named SSW, so that it can earn extra income during its idle time. We concluded that the operational cost can be covered through the SSW model. We identified new requirements for multiservice vehicle to satisfy the needs of a rural community.",
author = "Nuren Abedin and Jecinta Kamau and Hironobu Kitaoka and Hiroshi Okajima and Masaharu Okada and Akira Fukuda and Ahmed, {Ashir Uddin}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879",
language = "English",
series = "2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
pages = "4130--4134",
booktitle = "2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings",
address = "United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Providing safe and affordable transportation to reduce female students dropout

T2 - A case study on college girls in rural Bangladesh

AU - Abedin, Nuren

AU - Kamau, Jecinta

AU - Kitaoka, Hironobu

AU - Okajima, Hiroshi

AU - Okada, Masaharu

AU - Fukuda, Akira

AU - Ahmed, Ashir Uddin

PY - 2017/2/6

Y1 - 2017/2/6

N2 - We carried out an experiment to observe the role of transportation for adolescent female students in rural Bangladesh. A senior high school (in Bangladesh, they call it a college) student spends 180-230 minutes to travel only 22km (11 km, single trip) on an average to commute from home to college. Local transport (Tomtom) stops are not always close to their home. The walk 4km to get to the nearest Tomtom stop. The Tomtom does not have a regular timetable. In worst case, the students wait 30 minutes until the Tomtom driver finds sufficient number of passengers. This 11km distance is Female students find it uncomfortable to share congested space with male passengers. They cannot raise their voice when they face sexual harassment inside the car or when they walk. The parents of the female students find it safer to stop their education and arrange a marriage. We proposed a regular college bus service with an adaptive time schedule that follows the routine of the students. In order to make the service sustainable, we designed a model of multi service vehicle named SSW, so that it can earn extra income during its idle time. We concluded that the operational cost can be covered through the SSW model. We identified new requirements for multiservice vehicle to satisfy the needs of a rural community.

AB - We carried out an experiment to observe the role of transportation for adolescent female students in rural Bangladesh. A senior high school (in Bangladesh, they call it a college) student spends 180-230 minutes to travel only 22km (11 km, single trip) on an average to commute from home to college. Local transport (Tomtom) stops are not always close to their home. The walk 4km to get to the nearest Tomtom stop. The Tomtom does not have a regular timetable. In worst case, the students wait 30 minutes until the Tomtom driver finds sufficient number of passengers. This 11km distance is Female students find it uncomfortable to share congested space with male passengers. They cannot raise their voice when they face sexual harassment inside the car or when they walk. The parents of the female students find it safer to stop their education and arrange a marriage. We proposed a regular college bus service with an adaptive time schedule that follows the routine of the students. In order to make the service sustainable, we designed a model of multi service vehicle named SSW, so that it can earn extra income during its idle time. We concluded that the operational cost can be covered through the SSW model. We identified new requirements for multiservice vehicle to satisfy the needs of a rural community.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85015799113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85015799113&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879

DO - 10.1109/SMC.2016.7844879

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings

SP - 4130

EP - 4134

BT - 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016 - Conference Proceedings

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -