Oxide semiconductor junctions formed by attaching p- and n-type SrTiO3 exhibits a markedly nonohmic current-voltage characteristics at the steady state, showing no typical rectifying characters. Although the voltages which appeared immediately after applying the currents, are completely linear vs. the current values, the probe voltages vary with time and finally result in a significantly nonlinear behavior strongly dependent on oxygen partial pressure, showing distinct asymmetry to the current direction. Separation of the voltage drop into those within the bulks and at the junction reveals that the highly resistive p-type SrTiO3 bulk near the junction is mainly responsible for the nonohmic character. For the p-type SrTiO3 single bulk, absorption of oxygen in the gas phase is observed on applying large bias currents, regardless of the current directions. However, the junctioned sample desorbs oxygen for the forward bias, while the reverse bias causes oxygen absorption. Conductivity changes of the highly resistive p-type SrTiO3 as a consequence of these current-induced redox behavior give a consistent explanation for the direction-dependent nonohmic character of the junctioned sample. Dissociation/association of oxygen due to a shift of the solid-gas equilibrium caused by the applied currents is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry