Background: Relatively low publication rates of abstracts presented at scientific meetings (i.e. 37.3%, 95% CI: 35.3–39.3) have been reported across various fields worldwide. However, no study has investigated the publication rate of abstracts presented at psychiatric meetings and factors associated with full publication in Japan. This study aimed to determine the proportion of conference abstracts in the psychiatric field that reach full publication in English and its associated factors in Japan. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to determine the publication rate of abstracts presented at the annual meetings of the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology (JSPN) in 2013 and 2014, the largest psychiatric meeting in Japan, by searching for full-text publications in PubMed and Google Scholar. Furthermore, we examined factors associated with a successful full publication of the conference abstract. Results: Of the 737 abstracts evaluated, 132 (17.9%) were published in peer-reviewed journals; the publication rates for oral and poster presentations were 12.7% (46/363) and 23.0% (86/374), respectively. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the following factors were significantly associated with successful publications: poster presentations (odds ratio [OR]: 1.67, 95% CI: 1.10–2.57), original studies (OR: 4.16, 95% CI: 2.44–7.47), and academic institutions (OR: 5.77, 95% CI: 3.44–10.19). Conclusions: The publication rate in English of the conference abstracts presented at the JSPN annual meetings was relatively lower than those in previous studies. Further encouragement of the publication of the abstracts presented in psychiatric conferences in Japan would be helpful in disseminating scientific findings in the field of psychiatry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Psychiatry and Mental health