Pure Spin Currents Driven by Colossal Spin-Orbit Coupling on Two-Dimensional Surface Conducting SrTiO3

Mi Jin Jin, Doo Seung Um, Kohei Ohnishi, Sachio Komori, Nadia Stelmashenko, Daeseong Choe, Jung Woo Yoo, Jason W.A. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Spin accumulation is generated by passing a charge current through a ferromagnetic layer and sensed by other ferromagnetic layers downstream. Pure spin currents can also be generated in which spin currents flow and are detected as a nonlocal resistance in which the charge current is diverted away from the voltage measurement point. Here, we report nonlocal spin-transport on two-dimensional surface-conducting SrTiO3 (STO) without a ferromagnetic spin-injector via the spin Hall effect (and inverse spin Hall effect). By applying magnetic fields to the Hall bars at different angles to the nonlocal spin-diffusion, we demonstrate an anisotropic spin-signal that is consistent with a Hanle precession of a pure spin current. We extract key transport parameters for surface-conducting STO, including: a spin Hall angle of γ≈ (0.25 ± 0.05), a spin lifetime of τ ∼49 ps, and a spin diffusion length of λs ≈ (1.23 ± 0.7) μm at 2 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6511-6517
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Volume21
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 11 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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