An antimicrobial peptide tachycitin (73 amino acids) is purified by steps of chromatography, including Sephadex G-50 and S Sepharose FF, from the acid extract of hemocyte debris of horseshoe crabs. Tachycitin is present in monomer form in solution, revealed by ultracentrifugation analysis. Tachycitin exhibits bacterial agglutination activity and inhibits the growth of both Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, and fungus Candida albicans. Interestingly, tachycitin shows synergistic antimicrobial activity in corporation with another antimicrobial peptide, big defensin. Tachycitin shows a specific binding activity to chitin but not to cellulose, mannan, xylan, and laminarin. Tachycitin is composed of the N-terminal three-stranded β-sheet and the C-terminal two-stranded β-sheet following a short helical turn, and the C-terminal structural motif shares a significant structural similarity with the chitin-binding domain derived from a plant chitin-binding protein, hevein.