Purification and assays of tachycitin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

An antimicrobial peptide tachycitin (73 amino acids) is purified by steps of chromatography, including Sephadex G-50 and S Sepharose FF, from the acid extract of hemocyte debris of horseshoe crabs. Tachycitin is present in monomer form in solution, revealed by ultracentrifugation analysis. Tachycitin exhibits bacterial agglutination activity and inhibits the growth of both Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria, and fungus Candida albicans. Interestingly, tachycitin shows synergistic antimicrobial activity in corporation with another antimicrobial peptide, big defensin. Tachycitin shows a specific binding activity to chitin but not to cellulose, mannan, xylan, and laminarin. Tachycitin is composed of the N-terminal three-stranded β-sheet and the C-terminal two-stranded β-sheet following a short helical turn, and the C-terminal structural motif shares a significant structural similarity with the chitin-binding domain derived from a plant chitin-binding protein, hevein.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages317-323
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume2132
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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    Kawabata, S. I., & Shibata, T. (2020). Purification and assays of tachycitin. In Methods in Molecular Biology (pp. 317-323). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 2132). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-0430-4_31