In the hamster liver, 2, 5, 2', 5'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) is metabolized to 3-hydroxy- and 4-hydroxy-2, 5, 2', 5'-TCB to a similar extent, and formation of the former metabolite is stimulated by phenobarbital pretreatment of the animals, while that of the latter metabolite is stimulated by 3-methylcholanthrene pretreatment. In the present study, we identified a new isoform (designated P450HPB-1) of cytochrome P450 which proved to be phenobarbital-inducible and responsible for 3-hydroxylation of this TCB isomer. This isoform was purified from liver microsomes of phenobarbital-treated hamsters and characterized. P450HPB-1 has a molecular mass of 50 kDa, determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and the absorption maxima of the oxidized form at 417 nm and of the reduced CO-complex form at 450 nm. The sequence of 28 amino acids of P450HPB-1 at the aminoterminal has a 68% similarity with those of rat P450 2B1 and mouse P450 2b10, 57% similarity with that of guinea pig P450GP-1, and 54% similarity with those of rabbit P450 2B4 and dog P450 2B11. P450HPB-1 in the reconstituted system catalyzed the 3- but not 4-hydroxylation of 2, 5, 2', 5'-TCB, at a rate of 19.0 pmol/min/nmol P450. The isoform also has high catalytic activity for 17-oxidation of testosterone but low activity for the N-demethylation of benzphetamine and 16α- and 16β-hydroxylations of testosterone. In microsomal metabolism of 2, 5, 2', 5'-TCB, rabbit antiserum against P450HPB-1 almost completely inhibited 3- but not 4-hydroxylation. Immunoblot analysis of hamster liver microsomes revealed that P450HPB-1 was constitutive and phenobarbital-inducible but was decreased by pretreatment with 3-methylcholanthrene or 3, 4, 5, 3', 4'pentachlorobiphenyl. These results suggest that P450HPB-1 belongs in the P450 2B subfamily and apparently plays a major role in the 3-hydroxylation of 2, 5, 2', 5'-TCB, in hamster liver.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology