Purification, sequencing and characterization of single amino acid-substituted phospholipase A2 isozymes from Trimeresurus Gramineus (green habu snake) venom

Toyoka Fukagawa, Takeru Nose, Yasuyuki Shimohigashi, Tomohisa Ogawa, Naoko Oda, Kin ichi Nakashima, Chun Chang Chang, Motonori Ohno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

T. Fukagawa, T. Nose, Y. Shimohigashi, T. Ogawa, N. Oda, K. Nakashima, C.-C. Chang and M. Ohno. Purification, sequencing and characterization of single amino acid-substituted phospholipase A2 isozymes from Trimeresurus gramineus (green habu snake) venom. Toxicon 31, 957-967, 1993.-Two phospholipases A2 named PLA2-III and IV were newly isolated from Trimeresurus gramineus (green habu snake) venom in addition to PLA2-I and II reported previously [Oda et al. (1991) Toxicon 29, 157; Fukagawa et al. (1992) Toxicon 30, 133]. Their isoelectric points were determined to be about 4.5. PLA2-III and IV exhibited almost unchanged lipolytic activity toward egg-yolk when compared with PLA2-I. The amino acid sequences were determined by sequencing the native proteins and the peptides produced by enzymatic (Achromobacter protease I and clostripain) and chemical (hydroxylamine) cleavages of the S-carboxamidomethylated derivative of the proteins. Both proteins consisted of 122 amino acid residues. When compared with PLA2-I, PLA2-III showed only a single amino acid substitution at the N-terminal position; namely from His to Asn. PLA2-IV also showed a single substitution from Ala to Asp at position 72. It was inferred that these amino acid substitutions between PLA2-I and PLA2-III or IV are due to the single base substitution at the corresponding codons of genes, which might be preserved independently. The unique presence of Phe at position 28, where Tyr is commonly located and assumed to be a part of the Ca2+-binding loop, was conserved in both PLA2-III and IV as in PLA2-I. There was no significant difference in the dissociation constants (4.3-5.2 × 10-4 M) for Ca2+ between these PLA2s and Tyr-28-containing PLA2s. These results suggested that the p-hydroxy group of Try-28 does not play a crucial role in binding of PLA2s to Ca2+.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)957-967
Number of pages11
JournalToxicon
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1993
Externally publishedYes

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Group IV Phospholipases A2
Trimeresurus
Snake Venoms
Phospholipases A2
Isoenzymes
Purification
Amino Acids
Substitution reactions
lysyl endopeptidase
clostripain
Amino Acid Substitution
Group II Phospholipases A2
Hydroxylamine
Egg Yolk
Protein Sequence Analysis
Isoelectric Point
Viperidae
Nose
Proteins
Codon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Purification, sequencing and characterization of single amino acid-substituted phospholipase A2 isozymes from Trimeresurus Gramineus (green habu snake) venom. / Fukagawa, Toyoka; Nose, Takeru; Shimohigashi, Yasuyuki; Ogawa, Tomohisa; Oda, Naoko; Nakashima, Kin ichi; Chang, Chun Chang; Ohno, Motonori.

In: Toxicon, Vol. 31, No. 8, 08.1993, p. 957-967.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fukagawa, Toyoka ; Nose, Takeru ; Shimohigashi, Yasuyuki ; Ogawa, Tomohisa ; Oda, Naoko ; Nakashima, Kin ichi ; Chang, Chun Chang ; Ohno, Motonori. / Purification, sequencing and characterization of single amino acid-substituted phospholipase A2 isozymes from Trimeresurus Gramineus (green habu snake) venom. In: Toxicon. 1993 ; Vol. 31, No. 8. pp. 957-967.
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AU - Shimohigashi, Yasuyuki

AU - Ogawa, Tomohisa

AU - Oda, Naoko

AU - Nakashima, Kin ichi

AU - Chang, Chun Chang

AU - Ohno, Motonori

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N2 - T. Fukagawa, T. Nose, Y. Shimohigashi, T. Ogawa, N. Oda, K. Nakashima, C.-C. Chang and M. Ohno. Purification, sequencing and characterization of single amino acid-substituted phospholipase A2 isozymes from Trimeresurus gramineus (green habu snake) venom. Toxicon 31, 957-967, 1993.-Two phospholipases A2 named PLA2-III and IV were newly isolated from Trimeresurus gramineus (green habu snake) venom in addition to PLA2-I and II reported previously [Oda et al. (1991) Toxicon 29, 157; Fukagawa et al. (1992) Toxicon 30, 133]. Their isoelectric points were determined to be about 4.5. PLA2-III and IV exhibited almost unchanged lipolytic activity toward egg-yolk when compared with PLA2-I. The amino acid sequences were determined by sequencing the native proteins and the peptides produced by enzymatic (Achromobacter protease I and clostripain) and chemical (hydroxylamine) cleavages of the S-carboxamidomethylated derivative of the proteins. Both proteins consisted of 122 amino acid residues. When compared with PLA2-I, PLA2-III showed only a single amino acid substitution at the N-terminal position; namely from His to Asn. PLA2-IV also showed a single substitution from Ala to Asp at position 72. It was inferred that these amino acid substitutions between PLA2-I and PLA2-III or IV are due to the single base substitution at the corresponding codons of genes, which might be preserved independently. The unique presence of Phe at position 28, where Tyr is commonly located and assumed to be a part of the Ca2+-binding loop, was conserved in both PLA2-III and IV as in PLA2-I. There was no significant difference in the dissociation constants (4.3-5.2 × 10-4 M) for Ca2+ between these PLA2s and Tyr-28-containing PLA2s. These results suggested that the p-hydroxy group of Try-28 does not play a crucial role in binding of PLA2s to Ca2+.

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