Quality evaluation of green tea leaf cultured under artificial light condition using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry

Shunsuke Miyauchi, Tsutomu Yonetani, Takayuki Yuki, Ayako Tomio, Takeshi Bamba, Eiichiro Fukusaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For an experimental model to elucidate the relationship between light quality during plant culture conditions and plant quality of crops or vegetables, we cultured tea plants (Camellia sinensis) and analyzed their leaves as tea material. First, metabolic profiling of teas from a tea contest in Japan was performed with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), and then a ranking predictive model was made which predicted tea rankings from their metabolite profile. Additionally, the importance of some compounds (glutamine, glutamic acid, oxalic acid, epigallocatechin, phosphoric acid, and inositol) was elucidated for measurement of the quality of tea leaf. Subsequently, tea plants were cultured in artificial conditions to control these compounds. From the result of prediction by the ranking predictive model, the tea sample supplemented with ultraviolet-A (315–399 nm) showed the highest ranking. The improvement in quality was thought to come from the high amino-acid and decreased epigallocatechin content in tea leaves. The current study shows the use and value of metabolic profiling in the field of high-quality crops and vegetables production that has been conventionally evaluated by human sensory analysis. Metabolic profiling enables us to form hypothesis to understand and develop high quality plant cultured under artificial condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-202
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

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Tea
Gas chromatography
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Mass spectrometry
Light
Vegetables
Crops
Camellia sinensis
Oxalic Acid
Oxalic acid
Phosphoric acid
Inositol
Metabolites
Quality Improvement
Glutamine
Amino acids
Glutamic Acid
Japan
Theoretical Models
Amino Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Quality evaluation of green tea leaf cultured under artificial light condition using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. / Miyauchi, Shunsuke; Yonetani, Tsutomu; Yuki, Takayuki; Tomio, Ayako; Bamba, Takeshi; Fukusaki, Eiichiro.

In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 123, No. 2, 01.02.2017, p. 197-202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miyauchi, Shunsuke ; Yonetani, Tsutomu ; Yuki, Takayuki ; Tomio, Ayako ; Bamba, Takeshi ; Fukusaki, Eiichiro. / Quality evaluation of green tea leaf cultured under artificial light condition using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. In: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering. 2017 ; Vol. 123, No. 2. pp. 197-202.
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