Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) are farmed worldwide as poultry. Quail have been used as experimental animals in various scientific fields, but their immunological characteristics have not been well characterized. In this study, to develop a method for analyzing the innate immune response of quail to infectious pathogens, we determined the nucleotide sequences of major interleukins (IL) and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-7 of quail and developed quantitative real-time PCR assays. The nucleotide sequences of quail IL-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12a, IL-12b, IL-13, IL-18, and TLR-7 were determined based on the sequences of the chicken genes. Specific primers for each of these genes and previously reported interferon (IFN)-α, IFN-γ, and IL-2 genes were designed for quantitative real-time PCR. Standard curves for quantification were established using serial dilutions of external standard plasmids containing real-time PCR products. Then, real-time PCR was performed to monitor the kinetics of quail immune-related gene expression induced in splenocytes stimulated with concanavalin A. After amplification, the r2 values of the standard curves for all target genes were above 0.980. Melting analysis of real-time PCR revealed specific amplification of each gene that could be visualized clearly as a single peak of melting temperature in a melt peak chart. These data show that the mRNA expressions of quail immunerelated genes can be accurately quantified using this real-time PCR assay. In this study, we showed the nucleotide sequences of several quail cytokine mRNA and constructed the quantitative real-time PCR for quail immune-related genes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Animal Science and Zoology