Quantification of intramyocardial hemorrhage volume using magnetic resonance imaging with three-dimensional T1-weighted sequence in patients with ischemia-reperfusion injury: a semi-automated image processing technique

Hideo Arai, Masateru Kawakubo, Ko Abe, Hikaru Hatashima, Kenichi Sanui, Hiroshi Nishimura, Toshiaki Kadokami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) is a poor prognostic factor caused by ischemia reperfusion injury, little evidence is available regarding the association between IMH volume and biomarkers. In the present study, we measured IMH volume using three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI) and investigated its association with biomarkers. Moreover, the accuracy of semi-automatic measurement of IMH volume was validated. We retrospectively enrolled 33 consecutive patients (mean age 67 ± 11 years) who underwent cardiac MRI after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction. IMH was observed in 4 patients (12.1%). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of creatine kinase (CK) and CK-muscle/brain (CK-MB) tests for detecting IMH were performed. IMH volume measured using semi-automatic methods by a 2 standard deviation (SD) threshold was compared to manual measurements using the Spearman’s correlation coefficient (ρ) and Bland–Altman analyses. ROC analysis revealed optimal cutoff values of CK: 2460 IU/l and CK-MB: 231 IU/l (area under the curve: 0.95 and 0.91; sensitivity: 86% and 79%; specificity: 100% for both). IMH volume with the 2SD threshold correlated with that of the manual measurement [5.84 g (3.30 to 9.00) g vs. 8.07 g (5.37 to 9.33); ρ: 0.85, p < 0.01; bias (limit of agreement): − 0.01 g (− 0.51 to 0.49); intraclass correlation coefficients 0.84 (0.75 to 0.90)]. Our findings could help identify the risk of IMH after reperfusion therapy with biomarkers. 3D T1-MRI can semi-automatically provide accurate IMH volume without being time-consuming.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Reperfusion Injury
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hemorrhage
Biomarkers
Creatine Kinase
ROC Curve
Reperfusion
BB Form Creatine Kinase
MM Form Creatine Kinase
MB Form Creatine Kinase
Area Under Curve
Myocardial Infarction
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

@article{095b8c2c64634a9ab43766b6b0ad065e,
title = "Quantification of intramyocardial hemorrhage volume using magnetic resonance imaging with three-dimensional T1-weighted sequence in patients with ischemia-reperfusion injury: a semi-automated image processing technique",
abstract = "Although intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) is a poor prognostic factor caused by ischemia reperfusion injury, little evidence is available regarding the association between IMH volume and biomarkers. In the present study, we measured IMH volume using three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI) and investigated its association with biomarkers. Moreover, the accuracy of semi-automatic measurement of IMH volume was validated. We retrospectively enrolled 33 consecutive patients (mean age 67 ± 11 years) who underwent cardiac MRI after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction. IMH was observed in 4 patients (12.1{\%}). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of creatine kinase (CK) and CK-muscle/brain (CK-MB) tests for detecting IMH were performed. IMH volume measured using semi-automatic methods by a 2 standard deviation (SD) threshold was compared to manual measurements using the Spearman’s correlation coefficient (ρ) and Bland–Altman analyses. ROC analysis revealed optimal cutoff values of CK: 2460 IU/l and CK-MB: 231 IU/l (area under the curve: 0.95 and 0.91; sensitivity: 86{\%} and 79{\%}; specificity: 100{\%} for both). IMH volume with the 2SD threshold correlated with that of the manual measurement [5.84 g (3.30 to 9.00) g vs. 8.07 g (5.37 to 9.33); ρ: 0.85, p < 0.01; bias (limit of agreement): − 0.01 g (− 0.51 to 0.49); intraclass correlation coefficients 0.84 (0.75 to 0.90)]. Our findings could help identify the risk of IMH after reperfusion therapy with biomarkers. 3D T1-MRI can semi-automatically provide accurate IMH volume without being time-consuming.",
author = "Hideo Arai and Masateru Kawakubo and Ko Abe and Hikaru Hatashima and Kenichi Sanui and Hiroshi Nishimura and Toshiaki Kadokami",
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T1 - Quantification of intramyocardial hemorrhage volume using magnetic resonance imaging with three-dimensional T1-weighted sequence in patients with ischemia-reperfusion injury

T2 - a semi-automated image processing technique

AU - Arai, Hideo

AU - Kawakubo, Masateru

AU - Abe, Ko

AU - Hatashima, Hikaru

AU - Sanui, Kenichi

AU - Nishimura, Hiroshi

AU - Kadokami, Toshiaki

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Although intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) is a poor prognostic factor caused by ischemia reperfusion injury, little evidence is available regarding the association between IMH volume and biomarkers. In the present study, we measured IMH volume using three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI) and investigated its association with biomarkers. Moreover, the accuracy of semi-automatic measurement of IMH volume was validated. We retrospectively enrolled 33 consecutive patients (mean age 67 ± 11 years) who underwent cardiac MRI after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction. IMH was observed in 4 patients (12.1%). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of creatine kinase (CK) and CK-muscle/brain (CK-MB) tests for detecting IMH were performed. IMH volume measured using semi-automatic methods by a 2 standard deviation (SD) threshold was compared to manual measurements using the Spearman’s correlation coefficient (ρ) and Bland–Altman analyses. ROC analysis revealed optimal cutoff values of CK: 2460 IU/l and CK-MB: 231 IU/l (area under the curve: 0.95 and 0.91; sensitivity: 86% and 79%; specificity: 100% for both). IMH volume with the 2SD threshold correlated with that of the manual measurement [5.84 g (3.30 to 9.00) g vs. 8.07 g (5.37 to 9.33); ρ: 0.85, p < 0.01; bias (limit of agreement): − 0.01 g (− 0.51 to 0.49); intraclass correlation coefficients 0.84 (0.75 to 0.90)]. Our findings could help identify the risk of IMH after reperfusion therapy with biomarkers. 3D T1-MRI can semi-automatically provide accurate IMH volume without being time-consuming.

AB - Although intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) is a poor prognostic factor caused by ischemia reperfusion injury, little evidence is available regarding the association between IMH volume and biomarkers. In the present study, we measured IMH volume using three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI) and investigated its association with biomarkers. Moreover, the accuracy of semi-automatic measurement of IMH volume was validated. We retrospectively enrolled 33 consecutive patients (mean age 67 ± 11 years) who underwent cardiac MRI after reperfusion therapy for acute myocardial infarction. IMH was observed in 4 patients (12.1%). Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis of creatine kinase (CK) and CK-muscle/brain (CK-MB) tests for detecting IMH were performed. IMH volume measured using semi-automatic methods by a 2 standard deviation (SD) threshold was compared to manual measurements using the Spearman’s correlation coefficient (ρ) and Bland–Altman analyses. ROC analysis revealed optimal cutoff values of CK: 2460 IU/l and CK-MB: 231 IU/l (area under the curve: 0.95 and 0.91; sensitivity: 86% and 79%; specificity: 100% for both). IMH volume with the 2SD threshold correlated with that of the manual measurement [5.84 g (3.30 to 9.00) g vs. 8.07 g (5.37 to 9.33); ρ: 0.85, p < 0.01; bias (limit of agreement): − 0.01 g (− 0.51 to 0.49); intraclass correlation coefficients 0.84 (0.75 to 0.90)]. Our findings could help identify the risk of IMH after reperfusion therapy with biomarkers. 3D T1-MRI can semi-automatically provide accurate IMH volume without being time-consuming.

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