Background: To clarify the clinical relevance of anti-aquaporin-4 (anti-AQP4) antibody titers and immunoglobulin (IgG) subclass. Methods: Using a bridging enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), a flow cytometric assay (FCMA) and an immunofluorescence assay (IFA) for anti-AQP4 antibodies, sera from 142 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) as defined by the McDonald criteria (2005), 29 with neuromyelitis optica (NMO) who fulfilled the 1999 criteria, 19 with recurrent and/or longitudinally extensive myelitis (RM/LM), 86 with other non-inflammatory neurological diseases (OND) and 28 healthy controls (HC) were studied. Results: Anti-AQP4 antibody positivity rates by IFA, FCMA, and ELISA were 41.4%, 51.7% and 48.3%, respectively, in NMO (1999) patients, and 0% in the OND and HC groups. Twenty-six MS patients (18.3%) were positive for the antibody; 17 met the 2006 NMO criteria, including positivity for anti-AQP4 antibody, and five had longitudinally extensive myelitis (LM). Among the cases with anti-AQP4 antibody detected by FCMA, IgG1, 2, 3, and 4 anti-AQP4 antibodies were found in 97.8%, 37.0%, 6.5% and 6.5% respectively. There was no association of either antibody positivity or level of anti-AQP4 antibody IgG subclasses with clinical parameters after adjustment of p values for multiple comparisons. Conclusions: FCMA and bridging ELISA are useful for detecting and quantifying anti-AQP4 antibodies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology